Varicose veins are both cosmetic and painful, affecting nearly 40 million people in the United States. They manifest as enlarged, swollen, and twisted veins that are visible under the skin. “Varicose veins develop due to the weakening of the vein walls and the vein valves,” explains Dr. Nirman Tulsyan, a board certified vascular surgeon in New York City. The weakened vein walls cause the blood to pool, causing the vein to stretch and protrude.

Affecting nearly 23% of the US population, varicose veins are most prevalent among an estimated eleven million adult men and women between 40 and 80. Varicose veins are enlarged veins— larger than 3mm in diameter—that have a rope-like appearance. They form when the valves of the vein wall weaken, rendering them incapable of pushing blood toward the heart. Consequently, blood pools in the veins, giving them a bulging appearance.

Apart from causing considerable pain and discomfort, varicose veins are also unsightly. This cosmetic issue results in bulging, twisted, and blue-hued veins that are often the first thing that catches people’s eyes. For any of the 20 percent of adults who live with varicose veins, a major struggle is dealing with the displeasing visible symptoms of the condition. People turn to various at-home remedies and quick fixes to boost their confidence.

With almost 80% of the workforce in the United States working jobs that entail long hours of sitting at a desk. Vein issues in the leg are on the rise. Over 30 million people in the country suffer from various vein diseases. Each year an estimated 150,000 people are diagnosed with chronic venous insufficiency, while deep vein thrombosis affects over 250,000 Americans each year.

Vein diseases are among the most common health concerns in the US. Vein problems such as varicose veins affect nearly 23% of the American population. While vein diseases are more prevalent among adult women, an estimated 11 million men between the ages of 40 and 80 are also affected by these conditions.

However, despite this, not many people understand the risk factors that increase the likelihood of a person developing vein diseases. Learning more about these risk factors can help people reduce their chances of contracting them.

Common risk factors include:

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